[Question]:

How do I determine what process is attached to a shared memory segment?

awagner@tree:/home/awagner\$ ipcs -m

------ Shared Memory Segments --------
key        shmid      owner      perms      bytes      nattch     status
0x00000000 0          root       777        102400     1
0x00000000 32769      root       774        96         1          dest
0x00000000 98306      awagner    600        393216     2          dest
0x00000000 131075     awagner    600        393216     2          dest


i.e. how do I figure out which two processes are attached to segment 98305?

I don't think you can do this with the standard tools. You can use ipcs -mp to get the process ID of thelast process to attach/detach but I'm not aware of how to get all attached processes with ipcs.

With a two-process-attached segment, assuming they both stayed attached, you can possibly figure out from the creator PID cpid and last-attached PID lpid which are the two processes but that won't scale to more than two processes so its usefulness is limited.

The cat /proc/sysvipc/shm method seems similarly limited but I believe there's a way to do it with other parts of the /proc filesystem, as shown below:

When I do a grep on the procfs maps for all processes, I get entries containing lines for the cpidand lpid processes.

For example, I get the following shared memory segment from ipcs -m:

------ Shared Memory Segments --------
key        shmid      owner      perms      bytes      nattch     status
0x00000000 123456     pax        600        1024       2          dest


and, from ipcs -mp, the cpid is 3956 and the lpid is 9999 for that given shared memory segment (123456).

Then, with the command grep 123456 /proc/*/maps, I see:

/proc/3956/maps: blah blah blah 123456 /SYSV000000 (deleted)
/proc/9999/maps: blah blah blah 123456 /SYSV000000 (deleted)


So there is a way to get the processes that attached to it. I'm pretty certain that the dest status and(deleted) indicator are because the creator has marked the segment for destruction once the final detach occurs, not that it's already been destroyed.

So, by scanning of the /proc/*/maps "files", you should be able to discover which PIDs are currently attached to a given segment.

CPID (-p, -a)
The process ID of the job that created the shared memory segment.

LPID (-p, -a)
The process ID of the last job to attach or detach from the shared memory segment or change the semaphore value.