PERL Handling Binary Scalar

1 [Question]:

I adopt select()...sysread()...syswrite() mechanism to handle socket messages, where messages are sysread() into $buffer (binary) before they are syswritten. Now I want to change two bytes of the message, which denote the length of the whole message. At first, I use following code: my$msglen=substr($buffer,0,2); # Get the first two bytesmy$declen=hex($msglen);$declen += 3;substr($buffer,0,2,$declen); # change the length

However, it doesn't work in this way. If the final value of $declen is 85, then the modified$buffer will be "0x35 0x35 0x00 0x02...". I insert digital number to $buffer but finally got ASCII! I also tried this way: my$msglen=substr($buffer,0,2); # Get the first two bytes,binary$msglen += 0b11; # Or $msglen += 3;my$msgbody=substr($buffer,2); # Get the rest part of message, binary$buffer=join("", $msglen,$msgbody);

Sadly, this method also failed. The result is such as"0x33 0x 0x00 0x02..." I just wonder why two binary scalar can't be joined into a binary scalar?

Can you help me? Thank you!

my $msglen=substr($buffer,0,2); # Get the first two bytesmy $number = unpack("S",$msglen);$number += 3;my$number_bin = pack("S",$number);substr($buffer,0,2,$number_bin); # change the length [Answer 2]: 用vec。 比如： Perl code my$buffer = "/x00/x01";
print unpack("H*", $buffer), "/n"; vec($buffer, 0, 16) += 3;
print unpack("H*", $buffer), "/n"; [Question]: I am writing a Perl program that sends and receives messages from two sockets and acta as a switch. I have to modify the received messages received from one socket, prepend 3 bytes to the data, and finally send the modified messages to another socket. I adopt select()...sysread()...syswrite() mechanism to poll for messages between sockets. The received messages are stored in$buffer during modification.

Now I can use following way to get the received messages:

my $hexmsg = unpack("H*",$buffer);my @msg = ( $hexmsg =~ m/../g ); then I can insert 3 bytes to @msg. However, I don't know how to pack the message in @msg into a scalar(such as$buffer) and send it to another socket by syswrite(). Can anybody help me? Thank you in advance!

BTW, are messages in $buffer binary? [Answer]: Yes, messages in$buffer are binary (if I'm guessing what you mean by that correctly). If your only reason for unpacking it into @msg is to insert the bytes, don't. Use substr instead, and just write out the changed $buffer. For instance: substr($buffer, 0, 0, "/x01/x02/x03" ); # insert 3 bytes at beginning.

If you are doing other things with @msg, you could continue to use that as well as doing the substr insert before writing it out, or you could use substr or pack or split or vec or a regex to parse out the pieces you need. You'd need to describe what you are doing to get more specific help.